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Between 13,000 and 10,000 years ago the ice sheets finally retreated from this area and by 7000 years ago the grasses, shrubs and small trees such as birch that first covered the land were themselves covered by extensive forest populated with elk, deer, bear and wolves. Our local human history began with the Middle Stone Age people who as nomadic hunter/gatherers established migration routes which can be traced today in the layout of modern roads. One such track led down the line of Dingwall high street to the ferry crossing to Alcaig. An influx of new arrivals occurred about 3500BC from Europe and these became the farmers creating permanent settlements leading to connecting routes. The main overland routes to the south from the Black Isle were the drovers’ routes. Muir of Ord’s Market Stance was the meeting point for the droves from the Black Isle, Strathconon and Easter Ross before their journey south to Crieff and Falkirk.
This article will uncover some of the historical paper evidence of roads and the changes to the roads that have taken place in recent times. The local ferries will be covered as will the effect of the railway system from Inverness to Muir of Ord, Dingwall and Invergordon with reference to the Fortrose branch and "our own" attempt to join the railway system as told in the chapter "The railway that nearly came to Culbokie".
Illustrations of the various means of transport associated with Culbokie have been added to the Gallery at the foot of this page.
The photos of lorries and buses illustrate what the village would have seen on a daily basis prior to the building of the A9, in the case of the lorries, and the increase in car ownership, in the case of the buses. H D Fraser had their depot at Balblair and Highland Haulage had their depot at Rootfield at the Leaniag crossroads. The only viable route south from all parts of the Black Isle was the B9169 to Muir of Ord and then hence via Beauly to Inverness. There is still one haulage company to be represented and that Duncan McCallum, Braefindon, but as yet there are no photographs available.
Click on one of the images to open a slide show and progress left or right. It is quite likely that this gallery will be updated quite regularly as more historic photographs relating to Culbokie become available.